Since independence, government surveys of rural land have been restricted to agricultural land. In several states, the inhabited areas of villages – known as “abadi” land in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, “lal dora” land in Punjab and Haryana, “gaothan” land in Maharashtra and Gujarat, among others – have largely remained out of the purview of such surveys. As a result, many village communities across India do not possess record of rights, and their claim of ownership over land in “abadi” area depends largely on their actual possession of the property.
   SVAMITVA  has been envisioned as a Central Sector Scheme to provide an integrated inhabited property ownership solution for rural India. The Pilot Phase of the Scheme was launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 24th April 2020 on the occasion of the National Panchayati Raj Day.
   The demarcation of rural inhabited land is done using Drone Surveying technology with the collaborative efforts of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Survey of India, National Informatics Centre (NIC), State Revenue Departments and State Panchayati Raj Departments. This will provide the ‘record of rights’ to village household owners in the form of Property Cards/Title Deeds.

Various stages in SVAMITVA Scheme





Impacts that it can create on society


   
The benefits it is said to create for Property Owners and Rural landscapes are

Inclusive Society

Throughout history, scholars and development specialists have linked ‘Access to Property Rights’ with ‘Improvement in socioeconomic standards of vulnerable populations in villages’. The SVAMITVA Scheme aims to enable the same.

Land Governance

Land is an essential resource for any economic activity aimed at creating of material wealth in the world. The lack of a clearly demarcated Abadi area has led to a high number of land-conflict cases. As per reports, millions of people suffer the impact of land conflicts across India and the World. The SVAMITVA Scheme aims to address the root cause of disputes at the local level.

Sustainable Habits

Creation of High-resolution digital maps for better Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP) leading to improvement across infrastructures like schools, community health centres, rivers, street lights, roads etc. through efficient allocation of funds and increased accessibility.

Economic growth

The key outcome is to help people monetize their property as collateral. Furthermore, a boost to India’s economic growth through streamlining of Property tax, in States where it is levied leading to an increase in investments and ease of doing business.

Let's see the benefits that people get  Before and after SVAMITVA