SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) is a central sector scheme that has been designed to offer rural India a comprehensive inhabited property ownership solution. On April 24, 2020, National Panchayati Raj Day, the Honorable Prime Minister announced the start of the Scheme's Pilot Phase.

It aims to offer rural India a comprehensive property certification solution.
This plan makes use of drone technology and Continuously Operational Reference Stations (CORS) to map the land parcels in rural areas where people live.
Throughout the nation, the mapping will be carried out in stages over the course of four years, from 2020 to 2024.


Since independence, government surveys of rural land have been restricted to agricultural land. In several states, the inhabited areas of villages- known as "abadi" land in Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, "lal dora" land in Punjab and Haryana, "gaothan" land in Maharastra and Gujarat, among others- have largely remained out of the purview of such surveys. As a result, many village communities across India do not possess record of rights, and their claim of ownership over land in "abadi" area depends largely on their actual possession of the property.

The demarcation of rural inhabited land is done using Drone Surveying technology with the collaborative efforts of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Survey of India, National Informatics Centre (NIC), State Revenue Departments and State Panchayati Raj Departments. This will provide the "record of rights" to village household owners in the form of Property Cards/Title Deeds.

Various stages in SVAMITVA Scheme

Impacts that it can create on society

According to estimates, it will have the following advantages for landowners and rural landscapes:


Throughout history, scholars and development specialists have linked ‘Access to Property Rights’ with ‘Improvement in socioeconomic standards of vulnerable populations in villages’. The SVAMITVA Scheme aims to enable the same.


Land is an essential resource for any economic activity aimed at creating of material wealth in the world. The lack of a clearly demarcated Abadi area has led to a high number of land-conflict cases. As per reports, millions of people suffer the impact of land conflicts across India and the World. The SVAMITVA Scheme aims to address the root cause of disputes at the local level.


Creation of High-resolution digital maps for better Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP) leading to improvement across infrastructures like schools, community health centres, rivers, street lights, roads etc. through efficient allocation of funds and increased accessibility.


The key outcome is to help people monetize their property as collateral. Furthermore, a boost to India’s economic growth through streamlining of Property tax, in States where it is levied leading to an increase in investments and ease of doing business.

Let's see the benefits that people get Before and after SVAMITVA