Pic: Savitribai Phule


 Savitribai Phule (1831 - 1897), is an early social reformist who has been largely sidelined from the prominent history of India. She has worked tremendously along with her spouse, Jyotirao to uplift the downtrodden lives of Indian women, especially the marginalised. They together built the first School for girls in India (1848) at Bhide Wada in Pune. Right when the first revolts began to stir around the then India under British Rule. Their motto was to abolish the discrimination staunchly followed in the country based on caste and gender. 

Savitribai was illiterate when she was married as a young girl to Jyotirao Phule. Her husband tutored the curious Savitribai and his sister Sagunbai Shirsagar at home. She was the first Indian woman who became a teacher and Headmistress, after enrolling herself on the teacher training programme, thereby increasing her credibility as an educator. 

She was also a lesser-known philanthropist of their time. She along with her adopted son, Yashwanth opened a clinic to treat people who were infected by the Third wave of Bubonic plague which wreaked havoc all over the country. She also paved the way for women to find a safer space devoid of discrimination by establishing Mahila Seva Mandal, which was founded to raise awareness about the rights of women. She harshly opposed infanticide and cruel honour-killing practices. Savitribai Phule died on 10th March 1897 after contracting the plague while treating another patient.

Educational Trusts: 

1. The Native Female School 

2. The Society for Promoting the Education for Mahars, Mangs, etc. 


1. Kavya Phule (1854) 

2. Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar (1892) 

3. Go, Get Education. (Poem)